introductory lessons. I recommend that you not wait until the end of the lessons to introduce these rubrics, but cut them up and introduce them to the students when a skill is being taught. Before you present these formal rubrics to the students, try assisting them in developing class-created versions which they use to score themselves. Sometimes we end up using their rubrics exclusively and never introduce these. If you try that approach, reference these rubrics as a good indicator of what beginning students can do. Often students are harder on themselves than these rubrics indicate. More advanced students can be measured by the Rubrics for the Next Step Skills.